The History of Split – a brief run through the most important dates provided by the Gecko.

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The Gecko provides a quick run through of the main dates in the long and colourful history of Split and beyond below. We at Gecko tours prize ourselves on our local knowledge of the history of Split – many of our guides are history graduates and will leave you wanting for nothing.

All our tours have a historical element but the Salona, Klis Trogir tour provides fascinating insight into local life as it was and because all our tour sizes are small it makes the whole experience more personable allowing you to ask all the questions you like. Our Split walking tour will enable you to get up to speed with all you want to know… or join us for our historical tour of Salona, Klis and Trogir tour

300 B.C.

The Illyrian tribes (Histri and Liburni) had conquered supremacy in the Balkan peninsula

168 B.C.

After the defeat of Genzio, the last Illyrian king, Romans started their five centuries long domination.

257 A.D.

Salona (Solin) will be proclaimed the administrative headquarters of the Romans.

295 A.D

The Roman emperor Gaius Valerius Aurelius Diocletanus started to build his palace in the Split bay on the Dalmatian coast. He was born in nearby Salona.

305 A.D

After Diocletian’s abdication, the retired emperor settled in the palace measuring 28,900 square feet to spend the rest of his life.

Split history dates through Middle Age

6th and 7th century

Croats arrived in Split and Dalmatian region in the second half of the 6th and the first half of the 7th century.

845 to 864 (ninth century)

King Trpimir was the first founder of Croatian dynasty. Klis fortress (5 km from Split) will be the capital of his kingdom.

910 to 928 (tenth century)

King Tomislav period. In his time Croatia was one of the most powerful states in Europe.1000 (eleventh century)

For almost 800 years the Venetians controlled the Istria peninsula and 377 years Dalmatian coast and islands.

The early modern period

1537-1540 (sixteenth century)

Ottomans conquered the fortress of Klis, threatening the city of Split.


The fall of the Republic of Venice. After short presence of Napoleon, Dalmatian region had become the part of Austro-Hungarian Empire.


After the fall of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, it was proclaimed the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes.

Italian forces occupy Split and Dalmatian region. The partisan resistance starts, led by Croatian antifascists.


After the second war the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia was declared.1991

While Croatian Parliament (Sabor) has proclaimed the independence of Croatia, Serbs from Croatian region Krajna has declared their independence with the support of Serbian leader Milosevic. The war breaks out between Serbs and Croats.


After the military operation called Oluja (the storm) Croatian liberation forces have liberated Krajna and entire Croatian territory.

July 1st. 2013

Croatia became the Europe Union’s 28th state member and the history of Split continues…